Two-Band Bxandall Active Tone Control

Using active circuit for tone control means that we can provide cut and boost, maintaining overall amplifying factor of original system (before adding the tone control). Very simple circuit can be built using Baxandall configuration, which uses only capacitors, resistors, and one transistor. The firs potentiometer give treble cut and boost. Note that the potentiometer is connected to the amplifier […]

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Averager and Peak Hold/Extender Signal Conditioner

A signal averager circuit can be formed by an amplifier and active signal rectifier, which is implemented using two operational amplifiers in this circuit. The first op-amp is configured as inverting amplifier and the second forms an active half-wave rectifier. The half cycle signal is then filtered by an RC (resistor-capacitor) filter to get the average value. The gain of […]

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5 Frequency Responses (3 bands) Tone Control

For most audio amplifier application, this 5 frequency responses will appropriate. The frequency response variation will be flat (no modification of the input signal), bass cut, bass boost, middle cut, middle boost, treble cut, and treble boost. To comply with high fidelity standard, this circuit uses low noise audio type transistor. The flat response is set by the center position […]

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Speech-Pass Filter

A speech-pass filter circuitry is shown in the the schematic diagram below. This speech circuit is useful in an application when the frequency spectrum of the signal should be limited to contain only speech (human voice) information. Voice recording or radio broadcasting is some example of such application. Corner frequencies of 300 and 3000 Hz is provided by high pass […]

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